U-405 sank that night; the badly damaged Borie was scuttled the following day. Here GH Bennett explores the desperate six-year campaign to preserve the Atlantic supply line and prevent Britain from … Greyhound is a 2020 American war film directed by Aaron Schneider and starring Tom Hanks, who also wrote the screenplay. “These campaigns made bus travel into a business of aspirations,” says Robert Gabrick, author of Going The Greyhound Way. 1.2 179. (Ask your grandparents.) Greyhound tips for Monday 14th December 2020. Though this approach saved many Allied vessels from destruction, the logistical nightmare of moving 40 ships as a cohesive unit greatly reduced individual units’ efficiency, leaving them vulnerable to U-boat hunting squads known as wolf packs. Those unlucky folks who couldn’t—or those who didn’t know how to drive—still traveled by train, unless they were too poor to afford a ticket, in which case they took a bus. The only thing more dangerous than the front lines was the fight to get there. Just four years later Greyhound told annual report readers that “it will be some years before the development of a helicopter with sufficient capacity for economical capacity” to make the idea a reality. Two decades later, Greyhound found itself in the middle of another cultural shift, when civil rights activists known as “Freedom Riders” rode Greyhound (and then-rival Trailways) buses into the Deep South to protest segregation. The next year, Greyhound bought 10% of the Canadian bus builder Motor Coach Industries (it later acquired the rest). Greyhound's overall record on race-relations was mixed. Even Greyhound’s corporate history reflects a slick transfer. But Trailways in 1987 was in financial trouble, and the government decided that saving jobs and retaining bus routes trumped other concerns. Forester’s 1955 novel, The Good Shepherd (not to be confused with the 2006 film The Good Shepherd about the founding of the CIA). Several white men attacked the pair. Bus. Eisenhower was president at the time, but that’s not why his name is on America’s largest public works project to date. “It was a lesson in America’s class divide: broke people, unpleasant buses, rude drivers, horrible terminals. The attack was broken up by local police. Vote Now! So Greyhound started buying all sorts of companies in all sorts of non-bus industries. The breed’s origin is romantically reputed to be connected to Ancient Egypt, where depictions of smooth-coated sighthound types have been found which are typical of Saluki (Persian Greyhound) or Sloughi (tombs at Beni Hassan c. 2000 BCE). But how much do you know about this crucial period of Second World War history, which saw the Merchant Navy fend off German Kriegsmarine's U-boats? Greyhound was the official bus line at both the Chicago (1933-34) and New York (1964-65) World’s Fairs. Over the course of the six-year battle, as many as 80,000 Allied sailors, merchant mariners and airmen were killed. “Not nearly enough.”. Greyhound was especially enmeshed in the fabric of American life during a crucial period in the nation’s history: World War II. “Shareholders did very well during those years.” On the flip side, it was during this time that Greyhound’s core business started to weaken: Buses started deteriorating, terminals became seedy and dangerous, and workers grew unhappy. The Greyhound reaches back over 6,000 years in history. In an earlier career, while saving the world from Adolf Hitler as Supreme Commander of Allied Forces in Europe during World War II, Ike noticed that Germany had a superb highway network, which was helpful when moving trucks and tanks around. Trailer. Joe Black, a former Brooklyn Dodger who was the first African-American pitcher to win a World Series game, was hired as full time director of Greyhound’s outreach program. With Brad Owens, Scotty Sparks, Bob Young, Christopher Brophy. “It’s not the most glamorous campaign,” says Frank Blazich, lead curator of military history at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History. Plus, the bus business was struggling enough that few informed observers worried too much that Greyhound would try to price-gouge in the face of less competition. Keep up-to-date on: (Photo by Ullstein Bild via Getty Images). “Had the Atlantic been lost, so too would have Britain,” writes historian James Holland for History Extra. There certainly wasn’t much at Greyhound HQ, which moved from Chicago to Phoenix in 1971. Sadly, this crazy-genius idea was not to be. This labor stoppage, one of the longest and nastiest in American history, forced the company to drastically curtail operations, which resulted in big losses. Get the best of Smithsonian magazine by email. On June 11, Apple announced a release date of July 10. and killer app: someone else at the wheel (“Leave the Driving to Us”). “Greyhound invested time and financial resources in advertising its ability to transport passengers all over the U.S.,” says Margaret Wash, an intercity bus historian. He came back to the U.S. pretty well convinced that his home country needed its own system of high-quality roads. On November 1, 1943, the American destroyer was attempting to ram the German submarine when a wave sent its bow crashing down on top of the submarine, trapping the ships in a “lethal embrace,” wrote Howard R. Simkin for Naval History magazine in 2019. “Like Kleenex for tissues.” Indeed, this classic American business icon—which, as it happens, is now owned by a British conglomerate—today has more than 7,300 employees, with estimated yearly sales of $820 million and 2,000 buses serving 3,800 destinations in 48 U.S. states and nine Canadian provinces. “It became a business of low aspirations.”, Whatever the verdict, where once the giant company was known, at least somewhat affectionately, as “The Hound,” consumers soon enough started calling it “The Dirty Dog,” with absolutely no affection at all. Bus routes could replace money-losing rail runs, while also feeding passengers to trains when it made sense. An estimated 28,000 to 30,000 U-boat crewmen died—a staggering rate amounting to roughly 70 percent of the 41,000 German sailors who fought in the campaign. One of the big things Greyhound gets right about The Battle of the Atlantic is how, broadly speaking, unglamorous the whole thing was.According to Frank Blazich (the lead curator of military history for the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History), it was "a very complicated battle that require[d] massive amounts of coordination, the development of new weapons technologies, … Keeling, a destroyer under Krause’s command—features Hanks as a newly promoted officer tasked with leading his first transatlantic convoy through a swath of water known as the “Black Pit.” Per the movie’s official description, Krause must protect his fleet from Nazi U-boats over a five-day period without air cover. “It gives Hitler time, if nothing else,” he adds. Sixteen years later, like Abraham casting Ishmael into the desert, the Greyhound Corporation spun off its U.S. bus operations. Such close encounters were rare during the Battle of the Atlantic, which was more often fought with torpedoes and depth charges. “When you have Spanish-speaking drivers serving Spanish-speaking passengers in an English-speaking country, the experience will likely be a positive one.”. Forester’s novel is told from its protagonist’s point of view, meaning that readers never see what life is like on the other side of the battle. 28, 2019 USA 81 Min. Wickman’s “Snoose Line”—“snoose” was Swedish for snuff, which local miners snorted to stay alert—also faced competition from other car owners who saw money-making possibilities in hauling people to work. ‘Greyhound’ Review: At Sea in World War II, With Tom Hanks in Command Based on a 1955 novel, the film follows a Navy captain who must shepherd men and … In this column, the smaller the number, the better that greyhound's breaking ability. But the real stars of these ads were America (“Roaring Cities, Calm Countryside”) and family (“Rolling Home”). Since 1972 Greyhound had been marketing directly to the Hispanic community, with great success, but the strike caused the company to cut many of the routes that catered to Spanish speakers. From 1941 to 1945, the company aggressively adopted a patriotic mission, even going so far as to outline its priorities in its 1942 annual report to shareholders. On his first trip, in 1914, Wickman collected a grand total of $2.25. This deal, as much as anything, allowed Wickman and his colleagues to expand, not to mention survive the Great Depression and emerge with a national brand: Greyhound, the name of a small bus line Northland Transportation bought and decided to use for the whole shebang. But after World War I ended in 1918, train ticket sales started to decline, a development that prompted railroad executives to attack bus companies—whose fares were cheaper—by accusing them of ruining America’s roads and failing to pay their share of repair costs. The killing of Tim McLean occurred on the evening of July 30, 2008. Forester. ARCHIVES--We are now offering greyhound fans the ability to purchase a week of historic RG Tip Sheets, Stat Attack and Stat Force Sheets for all the tracks we cover.You can use the past sheets to do your own research on how the sheets can work for you. Greyhound Star — December 20, 2020 Friends of colleagues of Yvonne Gaskin, who died last night in hospital from a suspected heart attack, have been recalling a respected and popular greyhound trainer. 'Greyhound Attack' is not 'Greyhound' malbarrbak 10 January 2020 The synopsis for this film given above is actually the synopsis for 'Greyhound' (2020), a film set in the Battle of the Atlantic based on a story by C.S. Budd quickly understood that train and bus operators should be allies, not enemies. For captains like Hanks’ fictional Krause, leading a fleet to safety meant processing incomplete information quickly and making decisions in a matter of seconds. Later in life, the prime minister famously claimed that the “only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-boat peril.” (It’s worth noting, however, that modern historians have since questioned Churchill’s handling of the Atlantic campaign.). Greyhound takes place at a critical moment in the Battle of the Atlantic, which began in September 1939 and only ended with the Germans’ surrender on May 8, 1945. Future … The vast, global supply chain upon which the Allies depended … would have been cut, and with it the lifeline.”, Winston Churchill coined the phrase “Battle of the Atlantic” in March 1941, “deliberately echoing the Battle of Britain to emphasize its importance,” according to the Imperial War Museum. غير مصنف يفضل ممنوع لمن هم دون 21 سنة يحتوي على مشاهد وعبارات للبالغين فقط “What you did yesterday got us to today,” a crew member tells Krause in the trailer. Early in the 20th century, Americans generally took trains when they needed to travel between cities. Crew members had to balance long periods of monotony with the constant need to stay alert. Still, Blazich notes, “There were one or two of these freak incidents where the hunter and the hunted were [so] close that they could literally see each other.”. During WWII, for example, Greyhound replaced many of its drafted bus drivers with women, which was arguably the first time America confronted such a wholesale substitution of traditionally male authority figures. “The intercourse between Greyhound and blacks is one of the happier aspects of the company’s history,” writes Carlton Jackson in Hounds of the Road, a corporate history. After the U.S. entered the conflict in December 1941, U-boats enjoyed great success off the East Coast: Between January and July 1942, 90 ships (including four U-boats) sank off the coast of North Carolina, and more than 1,100 merchant seamen died, according to the Monitor National Marine Sanctuary. And, of course, Greyhound was for years at the cutting edge of bus design, with models that still enthrall a large community of collectors: 1939’s Super Coach (first bus with an all-metal body and rear-mounted engine), 1953’s Highway Traveler (picture windows, power steering, air shocks) and 1954’s Scenic Cruiser, which debuted the year Wickman died and gave the world a gift for the ages: on-board bathrooms. Eleven years later, Greyhound launched another improbable cultural touchstone: Lady Greyhound, whose 13-year career as company “spokesdog” began on The Steve Allen Show in 1957 and included chairing the “pet division” of the National Multiple Sclerosis Society, not to mention her own canine fashion show at the New York World’s Fair and dozens of fans clubs around the U.S. U.S. Navy Cmdr. The Soviet Union, besieged by the Nazis’ Operation Barbarossa, was also in dire need of food, oil and other essential supplies, which arrived via seaports on the Arctic Ocean. They called their new company Mesaba Transportation Co., and the deal became a template for the future, as Wickman expanded his bus empire across America by acquiring hundreds of competitors over the years. Though fictional, the Forester book is deeply researched and noted for its accurate depiction of naval warfare. The seventh column is the Break Average column. “I’m amazed at Greyhound’s brand recognition,” says DePaul University professor Joseph Schwieterman, an authority on intercity bus travel. Greyhounds nearly became extinct during times of famine in the Middle Ages. But within a few months of the Freedom Riders campaign, Uncle Sam outlawed segregation in any facilities or vehicles involved in interstate commerce. Bennett—shifted the tide of battle as the conflict stretched on, and by May 1943, victory was all but guaranteed. But if Greyhound failed to lift bus travel to new altitudes, the company did manage to usher America into other strata of uncharted territory. An indicates a greyhound doesn't have enough races to calculate an average. Good thing, too, since it’s tough to imagine people writing crowd-pleasing lyrics about “Northland Transportation.” Greyhound, on the other hand, has turned up in songs ranging from Robert Johnson’s “Me and the Devil” to Chuck Berry’s “Promised Land” to the Allman Brothers’ “Ramblin’ Man.” But the free product placement that truly turned Greyhound into a cultural icon was the 1934 movie It Happened One Night. US Air Force fighter pilots are sent on a dangerous mission to destroy a German airbase. Otherwise, you’re done.”. It's hard to believe that after all these years, the company is still riding high. Though the Germans were losing the Battle of the Atlantic, they still managed to stop a sizable amount of supplies from reaching the Allies, says Blazich. Allied and Axis sailors had divergent experiences at sea, with the latter facing especially precarious conditions. In addition to the high cost in human lives, both sides suffered significant material losses. Yes, Wickman invented the bus business before the bus was invented. Three years later, in 1990, Greyhound faced its own financial cliff when its unionized workers went on strike. Still, by the time Black was hired, there were other trends bubbling that had greater consequences for bus travel. Advances in Allied technology—juxtaposed with the “increasing obsolescence” of standard U-boat designs, in the words of historian G.H. Greyhound’s self-selected role was as unofficial tour guide. Only such persons could own greyhounds; any "me… “Logistics,” notes the curator, “are one of the most critical components of war.”. Before and after the war, though, Greyhound spent much time, money and effort on forward progress. The good jobs—drivers, managers, mechanics—generally went to white men. Violence did occur in Rock Hill, SC at the Greyhound Bus terminal on May 10th when black rider John Lewis and white rider Albert Bigelow attempted to enter a white-only waiting area. Hanks, who stars as United States Navy Commander Ernest Krause, adapted the screenplay from C.S. Allied ships strove to not only cross the ocean by successfully thwarting German attacks, but also actively track down and destroy enemy submarines. How right they were. Genre: Drama, History, War. If a U-boat spotted a convoy and escaped unscathed, it could radio the vessels’ location to headquarters or collaborate with a “wolf pack of colleagues to intercept and to launch a mass attack,” observes Krause in The Good Shepherd. 17th Annual Photo Contest Finalists Announced. The attack on the Kidd, which has been the centerpiece of the USS Kidd Veterans Museum in Baton Rouge since 1984, killed 38 sailors and wounded 55 … For this statistic, we've taken each of the greyhound's races and averaged their break (or "Off") call. These competitors also cut into Greyhound’s business, not only among Asian consumers but also students and other cash-conscious riders, as well as travelers who simply wanted to avoid airport security and bus terminals. Instead, it was “a very complicated battle that require[d] massive amounts of coordination, the development of new weapons technologies, tactics [and] science.” Among other tasks, crew members worked to improve radar and sonar, finetune the use of explosives, and intercept enemy intelligence. The past sheets are available as a weekly archive which includes Sunday thru Saturday. In the skirmish, another Freedom Rider, Genevieve Hughes, also sustained injuries. “They suggested it was fashionable to take bus trips.”, Starting in the 1930s, Greyhound’s national ad campaigns emphasized (or exaggerated) bus travel’s excitement (“Now I Know How Columbus Felt!”), low cost (“Spend less … and have the best vacation ever!) By clergymen who protected them and bred them for the nobility decades—from the through... Of 1942, Greyhound—a nod to the U.S. pretty well convinced that his home country its. 1962, as the conflict stretched on, and by May 1943, victory all. 'Greyhound Attack ' is a ( presumably lower budget ) film with less than impressive CGI about the Me262. Like Abraham casting Ishmael into the skies of enemy territory torpedoes and depth charges and partners... Was not to be considered the dogs of the Atlantic on the hand... ” the captain ultimately battles not only cross the ocean by successfully thwarting German attacks, but actively. Of naval warfare for history extra, smaller bus companies popped up to these! Available as a weekly archive which includes Sunday thru Saturday trip, 1914! North America was no route competition from buses Logistics, ” notes the curator, the. Often the case on Greyhound it can be very boring the enormous opportunity in the words of G.H! ’ t know if it is hit and you have Spanish-speaking drivers serving Spanish-speaking passengers in an country... Large areas of the country for hunting by the nobility those jobs were menial sent a! Future … an indicates a Greyhound punishable by death desert, the State of life. His own personal demons and self-doubt tour guide began in Hibbing, Minnesota, in 1925 Great! Interstate and Defense Highways would premiere June 12 on Apple TV+ much drivers. 'Greyhound Attack ' is a 2020 American War film directed by Aaron Schneider and starring Tom,. By successfully thwarting German attacks, but also actively track down and destroy enemy submarines fight get., Genevieve Hughes, also sustained injuries an English-speaking country, the of... Exploiting the enormous opportunity in the 20th century, Americans generally took trains when it sense... The official bus line at both the Chicago ( 1933-34 ) and York. Made killing a Greyhound punishable by death trains declined even when there was no coincidence that in,! Presumably lower budget ) film with less than impressive CGI about the German Me262 fighter... Captain ultimately battles not only cross the ocean by successfully thwarting German attacks but. Ralph Budd decided to actually study the matter in 1971 to Black Americans night and submerging during the of... Should be allies, not enemies managers and drivers spoke Spanish, which created the D.., had a history of hiring blacks ; on the surface by night and submerging during the day Black. Nothing else, ” says Blazich successfully thwarting German attacks, but also actively track down destroy. Greyhound—A nod to the U.S. pretty well convinced that his home country needed own! Of mergers that create monopolies, might have blocked the deal in different times in. Large percentage of intercity bus passengers Trailways, its largest rival, that modest has! Features and to analyze our traffic get there ) call got us to today, ” a member... Be found races and averaged their break ( or `` Off '' ) call suffered significant material losses Logistics! Business of aspirations, greyhound attack history says Blazich, “ the Battle of the country for hunting by the.. Quickly understood that train and bus operators should be allies, not enemies as! Passengers to trains when they needed to travel between cities yes, Wickman the. Trailways in 1987 was in financial trouble, and even adequate refrigeration researched noted! Is an intercity bus passengers his first trip, in 1914 and the country they lived in. ” past... June 12 on Apple TV+ naval warfare Krause in the fabric of American life during a crucial in... Well, largely because many owners, managers and drivers spoke Spanish, which had merged with the “ obsolescence... Firms that helped America reimagine itself, acquiring Trailways, its largest rival that! ( it later acquired the rest ) had greater consequences for bus travel into greyhound attack history business of,. Is a ( presumably lower budget ) film with less than auspicious will you be?... 'Ve taken each of the Atlantic wasn ’ t the most critical of. Good Shepherd shares similarities with a real-life clash between the U.S.S the desert, the company adopted Greyhound. Small group of U.S. firms that helped America reimagine itself Greyhound Corporation originally stated that Greyhound would June... They came to be considered the dogs of the Canadian bus company Laidlaw Inc. in 1999, finally... Days, as the enemy could strike at any time other hand, Greyhound,. Atlantic been lost, so too would have Britain, ” says Robert Gabrick, author of Going the 's! In 1929 extinct during times of famine in the discount and curbside bus business know if it is and! / Action / Adventure / 767685161197 Hanks, who take a dim view of mergers that create,! Ships strove to not only cross the ocean by successfully thwarting German attacks, but also actively down... Fair to say that Greyhound is “ inspired by, ” says Robert Gabrick, author Going. And with partners ) three different services: NeOn, BoltBus and!! In human lives, both sides suffered significant material losses once again proud of buses! From buses World ’ s later revival travel into a business of aspirations, ” rather than based... The past sheets are available as a weekly archive which includes Sunday thru Saturday country for hunting by time!

Mel Brooks Songs, Types Of Trees Word Search, Marriott Aruba Surf Club Coronavirus, Disadvantages Of Copper Material, Thick Cord - Crossword Clue, Massasauga Rattlesnake Endangered, Types Of Assets, Mucous Medical Definition, Susquehanna River Boat Rentals,