It runs along the Rhône River from Beaujolais all the way to the Mediterranean Sea, where it intersects with the regions of Provence to the southeast and Languedoc to the southwest. Wine Map of France France, a map of its wine regions: France, from the prestigious wines of Bordeaux to the sparkling wines of Champagne through the oceans of vines found in Aquitaine and Languedoc to the string of appellations of the Rhônes Valley rolling down to … Lirac produces wines that are aromatic, structured and elegant with black fruit, truffle and cocoa notes in the reds, deep berry red fruits in the Roses and fresh, aromatic whites. Inter Rhône: Committee for the promotion of the technology, economy, communication and marketing of Rhône Wine (2005). Accounting for 50% of the valley’s production, this is the ‘entry level’ classification. Produce from vineyards surrounding certain villages including Cairanne and others may be labeled Côtes-du-Rhône Villages AOC. During the middle ages, the south of France was a popular holiday retreat for the Popes and they loved the refreshing rose wines that came from this region – so much so that they decreed that nothing else should be produced. The northern Rhône is characterised by a continental climate with harsh winters but warm summers. Only white and sparkling wines from Marsanne and Roussanne in this AOC! This is the largest AOC and accounts for two thirds of Rhone production. Châteauneuf-du-Pape is considered –by most– to be the benchmark of the Southern Rhône. Excess wines of the lowest quality, Vin de Table, occasionally become part of the wine lake and are reprocessed into industrial alcohol. Viticultural Areas Northern Rhône Southern Rhône Die Print Edition Durable, water and tear resistant polyart high density paper. Cairanne is a delightful village set on a rocky outcrop, offering visitors an irresistible range of luscious red and white wines. As the Rhône River progresses southward, the valley widens and the climate changes. Wines are produced from Syrah, with Marsanne and Roussanne, and range from easy drinking to cellar worthy. The still whites are equally refreshing – terrific before a meal. In 1737 the King decreed that all casks destined for resale should be branded C.D.R. Nicole Rolet. Lush, black fruits with a generous ripe and meaty note. Châteauneuf-du-Pape means “The Pope’s New Crib” The Catholic Church was the next main influence when Pope Clement V moved his headquarters from Rome to Avignon in 1309. Yet others suggested the grape came from the Sicilian city of Syracuse, whence circa 280 AD the Romans brought it and the Viognier grape. Red Côtes du Rhône is usually dominated by Grenache. Again, not the least expensive of wines but something to savor – heady apricot, floral notes and a rich honeyed mouthfeel. The name of one, Côte-Rôtie, or “roasted slope,” tells you what you need to know about the local climate.Here, the summer sun shines all day long on vineyards carved from rocky hills, producing fully ripe grapes and tannic, concentrated, ageworthy red Rhône wines. Only reds are produced here, from Grenache and Syrah or Mourvedre. Spicy, earthy, chocolatey and deep, these are wines made for aging, if you can resist! The Rhône Valley was created during the last ice age as the Rhône Glacier carved its way south through what is now France. The wines were traded to such a degree that the Duke of Burgundy banned import and export of non-Burgundian wines. The early season, though, meant that heavy rain in May caused extensive coulure for the ever-sensitive Grenache, with … Keep an eye out for labels bearing one of the 21 villages that are allowed to declare their names. Full bodied reds dominate, but the luscious whites and thirst quenching roses are well worth seeking out. For wines bearing the Cornas AOC designation, Syrah must be used exclusively, whereas other reds from the northern Rhône sub-region may be blended with white wine grapes, either Viognier or Marsanne and Roussanne, depending on the appellation. The climate is ‘Continental’–hot summers, cold winters and precipitation throughout the year. This may be the smallest red AOC in size, but wines from Cornas are big and powerful! Low rainfall and plentiful sun have made the region of Lirac a prime vineyard area for two thousand years. You may have heard of the Rhone Valley in France; however, if you’re thinking of this as one place serving similar wines you’d be very mistaken. The entire Rhône region produces around 4 million hl of wine each year, of which over half is classified under the Côte du Rhône and Côte du Rhône-Villages appellations. Size: 12" x 16"Scale: 1:710,000 Location: Made in USA. at four levels of altitude as the land rises up from the Rhone River. The vineyards are planted with 14 varietals (18 if you count the variations!) Mistral winds blow at an average speed of 60 mph (hurricanes start at 70!) Their rosé is a classic southern Rhône blend of 65% Grenache, 30% Syrah and 5% Cinsault and it spent a very short time in oak barrels to add complexity. This AOC is also used by the commercial blenders (négociants) who buy grapes in bulk from various parts of the region to bottle, distribute, and export on an industrial scale. Very concentrated but nicely balanced wine. That’s dedication. Come explore this superb region and learn why: Viticulture as we know it arrived in Southern France with the Greeks in the 4th century BC. Classic Southern Rhône style with mulberries, garrigue, ripe and meaty, crisp mid palate with good length. Whites make up a small 6% of production but are worth trying. Quick Links Southern Rhône 2016: Full report | White Southern Rhône – panel tasting results map below shows the Crozes-Hermitage vineyards in yellow, Hermitage in green and the southern part of St. Joseph, on the opposite bank of the Rhône, in orange. Another region famous for its sweet ‘Vin Doux’ Rasteau has been producing its famous Grenache-based fortified wine for hundreds of years. Sharp, flat slabs of limestone called “Les Vestide”, pebbly soils “Vallongue:” and “Olivet”, a mixture of sand and stone. This is where the term “Cote du Rhone’ was first marked on barrels for export – a guarantee of authenticity still used today. The excess production of many domains and cooperatives is released as Vin de Pays which are marketed as Vin de Pays du Gard, Vin de Pays de Vaucluse, etc., or are sold to blenders of wine from the European Union, and mass food distribution for sale as own brands. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. The Oxford Companion to Wine (3rd Ed. In 2004 ten new appellations were officially added to the Rhône region, 9 in the Gard and one in the Vaucluse, which largely parallel the wines of Southern Rhône proper, while two appellations were discontinued for reasons of reforesting and urban encroachment.[8]. Most of the production is in sparkling wine; Crement de Die, but is now sanctioned for still wines of red, white and rose. In 2004, Costières de Nîmes AOC, which previously had been counted as part of eastern Languedoc, was also attached to the Rhône wine region. Considered a little brother to Châteauneuf-du-Pape, the wine is moderately prestigious and can age well when treated with care. The largest of the Northern AOC’s, St. Joseph is home to Syrah and the white varietals Roussanne and Marsanne. This map was created by a user. If you would like to read more about label buying, click here. Australia. Another unique characteristic of these wines are the nuances of Garrigue – the wild resinous herbs that cover the landscape. Located in the northern section of the southern Rhone, The Côte de Vivarais produces robust Syrah and Grenache dominant blends, deep roses and fresh mineral-driven white wines. The northern sub-region produces red wines from the Syrah grape, sometimes blended with up to 20% of white wine grapes, and white wines from Marsanne, Roussanne and Viognier grapes. In 1446 the city of Dijon forbade all wines from Lyon, Tournon and Vienne, arguing that they were "très petits et pauvres vins" – very small and miserable wines. Check out wines from these ‘satellites’ too: Slightly cooler thanks to sea breezes from the Mediterranean, this area produces whites, reds and roses that are big on fragrance, lower in tannin and very quaffable. To this day, Tavel is synonymous with Rose-in fact they have dubbed themselves “Le Roi des Rosés” – “ The King of Roses”. Others that the grape came 50 years later when Greeks fled from the Persian king Cyrus I. Named after famous Mount Ventoux, this region gives us bold wines that really show their terroir – reds with lots of pepper, spice and dark fruit, aromatic whites and full bodied rosé. The right bank reds are slightly lighter and fruitier. The sheer beauty of the hillsides of the Southern Rhone valley is breathtaking. The vineyards lie on extremely steep slopes on either side of a deep valley, creating a slightly warmer microclimate, giving us zesty sparklers made in the traditional Champenoise method. The various AOC wines of the Rhône Valley region are produced by over 6,000 wine growing properties including 1,837 private wineries and 103 cooperatives. Crossing the entire Rhone, the region draws its strength from its rich and powerful river that lends its character, as much as it sculpts its soil. This is the home of Viognier and at one time was the only place to find it. If you didn’t already know, these 19 crus represent Côtes du Rhône’s top wine-growing zones. (You might need your magnifying specs for this one). The region is distinctly more ‘Provençal’ with a Mediterranean influence in culture and climate. Official Rhône wine trade association website, "Cairanne promoted to Côtes du Rhône cru - Decanter", JORF n°177 du 1 août 2004 page 13753 texte n° 25: Arrêté du 19 juillet 2004 relatif à la composition des comités régionaux vins et eaux-de-vie de l'Institut national des appellations d'origine, AOC regulations for Condrieu, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Château-Grillet, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Cornas, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côte-Rôtie, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Hermitage, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Crozes-Hermitage, version 29 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Joseph, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Saint-Péray, version 28 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Côtes du Rhône, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Beaumes de Venise, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Châteauneuf-du-Pape, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Gigondas, version 23 October 2009, AOC regulations for Lirac, version 14 October 2009, AOC regulations for Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Rasteau, version 13 October 2009, AOC regulations for Tavel, version 20 October 2009, AOC regulations for Vacqueyras, version 14 October 2009, Les Vins des Côtes du Rhône - Côtes du Rhône official site, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhône_wine&oldid=998671675, France articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 14:00. Located just south of Lirac, Tavel’s vineyards date back to the Greek era and the 5th Century BC. The soils are varied with the most famous being the large, rolled river stone or “Galets’ left behind millennium ago by the ancient glaciers. The southern Rhône produces over 95% of the region’s wine output, including almost all Côte du Rhône as well as more prestigious appellations such as Châteauneuf-du-Pape, Gigondas and Vacqueyras. Viognier by itself is used for white wines from Condrieu and Château-Grillet. Drought can be a problem in the area, but limited irrigation is permitted. Tavel is an appellation of the southern Rhône valley, unique in its specialization in dry rosé wines. But it was the Romans who really established the vineyards and reputation of the area using the Rhône as their highway through France (and planting a few vineyards along the way). This is another ancient region, settled by the Greeks and home to the famous sweet wine “Muscat de Beaumes de Venise”. Nicole Rolet. In many appellation regulations, a division is made into main grape varieties (indicated by "M"), supplementary varieties (indicated by "S"), and accessory varieties (indicated by "(A)"). The Diois (Dee-wah) is an isolated region about 30 miles east of the Rhone River. Great with everyday meals, they are eminently drinkable and can be enjoyed without years of aging. The whites are fresh with subtle fruit and floral notes, while the Syrah is lovely and perfumey with dark berries and a bit of licorice. Learn how to create your own. The wines are Grenache dominant with aromas of small red fruits and violets that age into licorice, pepper and spice. Fortified wines (vin doux naturel) are made in the Muscat de Beaumes-de-Venise AOC and Rasteau AOCs. and be made from the 21 sanctioned grape varieties. One of the best places in the world for Syrah. No white wines carry the Gigondas appellation. This is the region of France's most user-friendly wines, and, with Bordeaux, an important source of appellation contrôlée wine. The colour is lovely, not deep, not place, but bright and appealing. It’s notable in that it has the highest vineyards in France (2800 feet). Diois AOP (bonus! The vineyards are terraced to keep the soil from eroding, retain the warmth of the sun and make life a little easier for the vineyard workers! Marsanne and Roussanne are in turn used for the whites from Crozes-Hermitage, Hermitage, Saint Joseph, and Saint Péray. All great wine is made in the vineyard and that starts with the grapes. This is the birthplace of Syrah and where many wine lovers find it reaches its height of expression – full bodied, savory, and elegant. Map of Cornas with detail of lieux dits (vineyard names). Major Southern Rhone Wine Appellations Chateauneuf-du-Pape: The most famous and regal of the southern Rhone appellations, Chateauneuf du Pape ("the new home of the pope") generally makes wines that fetch the highest prices, get the highest ratings and will age the longest of all these wines. The biggest area in terms of production, Crozes-Hermitage often lies in the shadow of the famous ‘Hermitage’ AOC that it surrounds. definition.[3]. The vineyards are located on both sides of the river between Vienne and Avignon, just south of Lyon. With its hot climate, abundant sunshine and the Dentelle Mountains to protect vineyards from the Mistral, the predominately red wines from Gigondas are full, earthy and aromatic. The Northern and Southern Rhône are unique, each with vastly different geography, climate, soils and grape varieties, but share one thing in common – the Rhône River. Condrieu (Con-dree-euh) and the tiny vineyards of Château Grillet are best known for the luscious wines of Viognier. The Rhone Valley is a huge, diverse, viticultural area. In most cases, Northern Rhône appellations allow many fewer varieties than those of Southern Rhône. However, while this is allowed by the AOC rules, blending with white grapes is widely practiced only for Côte-Rôtie. The Mistral is more than just a cold fierce wind that blows from the Northern seas, it’s an important part of the culture of southern France and Provence. The grape, which is believed to have originated in or close to the Rhône region, is also widely known as Shiraz, its name in Australia and much of the English-speaking world, and has recently become very popular with consumers around the world. Detailed map of the Rhône wine region, with separate maps of Southern Rhône ("Zoom A") and Northern Rhône ("Zoom B"). If Syrah is the big boy of the North, Grenache is the King in the South and forms the foundation of the area’s popular blends. Côtes du Rhône is south-east France's warmer, richer, spicier answer to the dry austerity of AC Bordeaux. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Wines from here can be pricey but worth it – raspberry, violet, truffles and chocolate are just some of the delicious descriptors! [3] The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. The bad part is that they can be very destructive, damaging or uprooting vines, but they have a good influence too. This was the very first AOC to be recognized when the system was instituted in 1936. There is plenty to love about Cairanne, not least its community spirit, nurtured by generations of winemakers, its hot, dry weather and its fruity, elegant wines. The southern Rhône's most famous red wine is Châteauneuf-du-Pape, a blend containing up to 19 varieties of wine grapes (ten red and nine white) as permitted by the Châteauneuf-du-Pape AOC rules. In France‘s Rhone Valley you’ll find 98% of the wines are either red or rose, although there are a few whites here and there. These wines are great for aging. Plus, when to drink the wines. The Rhône wine region in Southern France is situated in the Rhône valley and produces numerous wines under various Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) designations. The Roman legions knew about the great wines from this area! The name Côtes du Rhône comes from public administration in the Middle Ages and was the name (Côte without 's') of a district in the Gard département. Tavel AOC, produced in the special microclimate of the sillon rhodanien (the furrow of the Rhône) by some thirty producers including Château d'Aqueria, Domaine Maby, Domaine de la Mordorée, Domaine Pelaquier, is an elite rosé only, which has been referred to as 'the wine of kings". Well made. Look for famous names like Chapoutier, Jaboulet and Cave de Tain. From Lyon to the Camargue region, passing through the regions of Provence and the Luberon, discover the region’s rich history and taste the range of Rhône wines. The wines of the Rhône Valley are divided into four levels: Discover the wines and regions of France's Rhône Valley wine region. Named after the Latin for “Valley of the Rocks”, the Vacqueryras lie next to Gigondas. Find out more about me. The Rhône Valley is one of the most historic and bountiful wine regions in France. Wine map of the Southern Rhône – click for a larger view. Therefore, almost all Côtes du Rhône AOC is produced in southern Rhône, since the northern sub-region is covered by well-known appellations and also is much smaller in terms of total vineyard surface. Higher altitudes and variety of soil types result in red wines that are dark and inky with black cherry, jammy fruit and lots of tannin. [9] Local producers of Côtes du Rhône-styled wines made from Syrah and Grenache lobbied for this change since the local winemaking traditions did not coincide with administrative borders, and presumably due to the greater prestige of Rhône wines in the marketplace. This nevertheless makes it the most commonly known, produced, and distributed appellation of the region. Gigondas AOC, on the other hand, is predominantly made from Grenache noir has a more restricted set of permitted grapes. Production rules are not as strict as other levels but wines must have a minimum of 11% alc. Of Rhone production. 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